Drapery Fabrication

Fullness - Is the amount of additional fabric used to create pleating in a curtain. It is usually specified as a percentage.

  • 0% or flat, no pleats, is simply the finished width of the curtain, with no additional fabric.
  • 50% full requires half as much fabric as the finished width of the curtain.
  • 100% full requires twice as much fabric as the curtain's finished width.
  • It is possible to have any percentage of fullness desired, 100% is usually the maximum for stage curtains.


  • The procedure in which fullness is accumulated and stitched to a top webbing. Two standard methods are; box and shirr.
  • Box Pleats, as the name implies; are hand formed into multi-fabric layer boxes, typically spaced 12 inches on center.
  • Shirr Pleats simply gathers the drapery material in pencil sized pleats, to the desired fullness.

Top Finish

  • 3 " Jute webbing
  • 2" curtain snap
  • Grommet with S-hook
  • Grommet with tie line
  • Pocket

Bottom Finish

  • 6" Hem on all drapery longer than 8 ft, usually with continuous fabric encased lead weight or a canvas pocket filled with jack chain.
  • Valances and borders usually 3" or 4" hem, no weight.
  • Flat drapery often has a pocket inside the hem for insertion of pipe or chain.
  • Cycloramas and scrims - Bottom flap with pocket behind.

Side Hems

  • Drapery onstage (leading edge) faceback rarely exceed one full fabric width. Offstage hems are normally 2" to 6".
  • Cycloramas and scrims require a 2" hem.